Soil erosion is a gradual process that occurs when the impact of water or wind releases and removes soil particles, causing soil deterioration. This can lead to a reduction in agricultural production, as the top layer of soil, which is closest to the surface of the earth and contains essential nutrients for crops, is endangered by wind and water erosion.
Soil erosiondecreases soil fertility, which can have a detrimental effect on crop yields. It also sends land-charged water downstream, which can create heavy layers of sediment that prevent streams and rivers from flowing smoothly and can eventually lead to floods.
Some severely eroded soils cannot be used at all for crop production. Erosion can also reduce the soil's ability to absorb water, which can delay or prevent the planting of new crops. Soil deterioration and poor water quality due to erosion and surface runoff have become serious problems around the world. The problem can become so serious that the land can no longer be cultivated and must be abandoned.
Many agricultural civilizations have declined due to mismanagement of land and natural resources, and the history of those civilizations serves as a reminder of the need to protect our natural resources. Once soil erosion occurs, it is more likely to occur again. Over time, eroded farmland loses soil fertility, degrades, and becomes unsuitable for agricultural activities. In terms of soil erosion, remote sensing tools are excellent for monitoring large agricultural areas and can be used by both “big players in the agricultural sector” and small farmers.
The consequences of soil erosion on farmland are far-reaching. Not only does it reduce agricultural production, but it also has a negative impact on water quality and can lead to floods. It is essential that we take steps to protect our natural resources from soil erosion in order to ensure sustainable agricultural production in the future.